[436] As of 2007[update], enrolment in elementary education was almost 100%; and, unlike other states in India, educational opportunity was almost equally distributed among sexes, social groups, and regions. Brenda Maddox mentions in: Maddox, Brenda. [467], Onam is a harvest festival celebrated by the people of Kerala and is reminiscent of the state's agrarian past. [173] Eastern Kerala's windward mountains shelter tropical moist forests and tropical dry forests, which are common in the Western Ghats. 2. [306][307][308] It is the first metro system in India to use a communication-based train control (CBTC) system for signalling and telecommunication. [168]:26, 46, 52 The mean daily temperature ranges from 19.8 °C to 36.7 °C. 37. Kerala’s Pain and Palliative Society provide emotional support sessions and free home care services to the patients and because of their noble efforts, Kerala has been named as the best place to die in India. It is a small state, constituting only about 1 percent of the total area of the country. [320] Kerala's population more than doubled between 1951 and 1991 by adding 15.6 million people to reach 29.1 million residents in 1991; the population stood at 33.3 million by 2011. For other uses, see. Approximately 42,000 cancer cases are reported in the region annually. The erstwhile IT@School Project was transformed into KITE for extending its scope of operations in August 2017. [59][60] These territories once shared a common language and culture, within an area known as Tamilakam. [76][414] There was a significant Jewish community which existed in Kerala until the 20th century, when most of them migrated to Israel. It is a dam with the largest reservoir in the state. Kerala has a plethora of attractions you never knew about. of Christians", "Trade, not invasion brought Islam to India", "Paradesi Synagogue - tourist attractions at Mattancherry, Ernakulam Kerala Tourism", "Missionaries led State to renaissance: Pinarayi", "Kerala becomes 1st Indian state to achieve 100% primary education", "Kerala's 'IT@school' project now a government company 'KITE, "Kerala Infrastructure and Technology for Education", "Kerala's IT@school project now a govt company", "Kerala Government's IT@school Project Formed Into Government Company", "Kerala becomes first state to have hitech classrooms in all public schools", "Kerala becomes first state to have hitech classrooms in all public schools, says CM", "Niti Aayog's School Education Quality Index: Kerala tops, UP worst performer", "Navy-Training Academy-proposed Expansion", "Shock after alcohol flows from kitchen taps in Kerala", "Jnanpith Awards for ONV Kurup, Akhlaq Khan Shahryar", "Indian's First Novel Wins Booker Prize in Britain", "IRS 2010 Q1: Dailies in Kerala lose readers after gaining in the last round", "Highlights ofTelecom Subscription Data as on 28thFebruary, 2019", "Highlights of Telecom Subscription Data as on 30th June, 2018", "Ranji Trophy: In historic first, Kerala join defending champions Gujarat in quarter-finals", "Top FIVE Asian Clubs With Highest Social Media Followers, Up to October 2018 | Seasia.co", "Indian Football: Five most-followed clubs on social media", "Malayalam News - kerala blasters become fifth Asian club with the biggest social media following | News18 Kerala, Sports Latest Malayalam News | ലേറ്റസ്റ്റ് മലയാളം വാർത്ത", "Viva marks the resurgence of Kerala football", "Sahal recalls journey from university football to senior national team", "Kerala State Athletics Association: History", "FIFA Event at Kochi: Time is Ticking Away", "Kerala : National Geographic Traveler selects Kerala as 'one of the 50 must-see destinations of a lifetime, "Kerala beats Taj in Google Search Trends for 2012", "CNN Travel's 19 places to visit in 2019", "DESTINATION WISE NUMBER OF FOREIGN TOURISTS VISITED KERALA DURING 2010", "Tourist inflow to Kerala crosses 10 million mark", "Tourist Statistics — 2005 (Provisional)", "Kerala records 6% rise in tourist arrivals despite floods and Nipah virus scare", "Kerala: Spellbound by this natural beauty", Kerala Modernity: Ideas, Spaces and Practices in Transition, The Official Site of the Government of Kerala, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kerala&oldid=999520287, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 7. [297] The railway network in the state is controlled by two out of six divisions of the Southern Railway; Thiruvananthapuram Railway division and Palakkad Railway Division. [127] On 1 November 1956, the taluk of Kasargod in the South Kanara district of Madras, the Malabar district of Madras, and Travancore-Cochin, without four southern taluks (which joined Tamil Nadu), merged to form the state of Kerala under the States Reorganisation Act. 77. [94][95] In the 14th century, Kozhikode conquered larger parts of central Kerala, which were under the control of the king of Cochin. It was the first technology park in India[235][236] and with the inauguration of the Thejaswini complex on 22 February 2007, Technopark became the largest IT Park in India. [213] In 2015, NRI deposits in Kerala have soared to over ₹1 trillion (US$14 billion), amounting to one-sixth of all the money deposited in NRI accounts, which comes to about ₹7 trillion (US$98 billion). Multi system operators provide a mix of Malayalam, English and international channels via cable television. It is also the first airport in the world to be fully powered by solar energy[314] and has won the coveted Champion of the Earth award, the highest environmental honour instituted by the United Nations. The greater part of the Muslim merchants of this place are so wealthy that one of them can purchase the whole freightage of such vessels put here and fit-out others like them". 58. Malayalam is the widely spoken language in Kerala. Daily scheduled service has increased from 1,200,000 kilometres (750,000 mi) to 1,422,546 kilometres (883,929 mi),[294] using 6,241 buses on 6,389 routes. "Mappila Muslim Culture" State University of New York Press, Albany (2015); p. xi. The Cheras had trading links with China, West Asia, Egypt, Greece, and the Roman Empire. According to a TRAI report, as of June 2018 the total number of wireless phone subscribers in Kerala is about 43.1 million and the wireline subscriber base is at 1.9 million, accounting for the telephone density of 124.15. Annie Mascarene was the first Malayali woman MP. Instead, the term "transgender" should be used. These facilities are used mostly by central government VIPs visiting Kerala. In November 2015, the Ministry of Urban Development selected seven cities of Kerala for a comprehensive development program known as the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT). All district except Malappuram district had fertility rate below 2. There are a lot of things to know about this beautiful Indian state. Kerala has only one township called Guruvayur. According to the Economic Times[567] Kerala netted a record revenue of INR 36,528.01 crore from the tourism sector in 2018, clocking an increase of Rs 2,874.33 crore from the previous year. "Legacies of matriliny: The place of women and the 'Kerala model'. Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri was another religious figure who composed Narayaniyam, a collection of verses in praise of the Hindu God Krishna. 1. It is the wanderlust that keeps her going and if at all she could get one wish granted she would love to live a life less ordinary. [302] The Nilambur–Shoranur line is one of the shortest broad gauge railway lines in India. Other than civilian airports, Kochi has a naval airport named INS Garuda. Jackfruit is the official fruit of the state. [535] Another traditional sport of Kerala is the boat race, especially the race of Snake boats. [335][336], As of 2015[update], Kerala has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.770, which is in the "high" category, ranking it first in the country. [388][389] Notable has been the occurrence of Cheraman Perumal Tajuddin, the Hindu King that moved to Arabia to meet the Islamic Prophet Muhammad and converted to Islam. The mosque was built in the 629 A.D. 33. [383] According to 2011 Census of India figures, 54.73% of Kerala's residents were Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.32% follow another religion or have no religious affiliation. The KITE Kerala is a state owned special purpose company under education department of the Government of Kerala. Abdur Razzak (1442–43), Niccolò de' Conti (1445), Afanasy Nikitin (1468–74), Ludovico di Varthema (1503–1508), and Duarte Barbosa witnessed the city as one of the major trading centres in the Indian subcontinent where traders from different parts of the world could be seen.[98][99]. [225][226] The KSIDC has promoted more than 650 medium and large manufacturing firms in Kerala, creating employment for 72,500 people. 96. [246][247] Najith Kumar, K.K. 87. [108] The Dutch in turn were weakened by constant battles with Marthanda Varma of the Travancore Royal Family, and were defeated at the Battle of Colachel in 1741. [145] Anamudi in the Idukki district is the highest peak in south India, is at an elevation of 2,695 m (8,842 ft). [483], The development of classical music in Kerala is attributed to the contributions it received from the traditional performance arts associated with the temple culture of Kerala. Kollam Airport, established under the Madras Presidency, but since closed, was the first airport in Kerala. The question is about Kerala. [290][291] The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has threatened the Kerala state government that it will give higher priority to other states in highway development since political commitment to better highways in Kerala has been lacking. This article is about the Indian state. [557] The city of Kochi ranks first in the total number of international and domestic tourists in Kerala. [106], The Portuguese were ousted by the Dutch East India Company, who during the conflicts between the Kozhikode and the Kochi, gained control of the trade. Around 7.70 lakh hectares of cultivated area in the state is used for coconut plantation. [58] Scholars hold that Keralaputra is an alternate name of the Cheras, the first dominant dynasty based in Kerala. [289] National Highways in Kerala are among the narrowest in the country and will remain so for the foreseeable future, as the state government has received an exemption that allows narrow national highways. Therefore, Kerala can be named as the land of coconut trees. E., "Mappila" in "The Encyclopedia of Islam". 20. [488][489] Directors from Kerala, like Adoor Gopalakrishnan, G. Aravindan, Bharathan, P. Padmarajan, M.T.Vasudevan Nair, K.G. [333] Since 2010, Kerala Queer Pride has been held annually across various cities in Kerala[334], In June 2019, the Kerala government passed a new order that members of the transgender community should not be referred to as the "third gender" or "other gender" in government communications. [449], The Indian Naval Academy, located at Ezhimala, is Asia's largest, and the world's third-largest, naval academy. Kerala has also been declared as the first digital state. Newspapers in Kerala are available in 9 different languages. Talk about solo travelling, indulging in adventure activities, binging on good food, planning budget trips or the Aurora Borealis and you will get all her attention. Ramanathaiyer, Sundar, and Stewart MacPherson. Another interesting fact is that Cochin Airport in Kerala is the first fully solar-powered airport in the world. Kerala has 1084 females per 1000 males with a rate of 1.084 which is higher than the national figure of 0.940. [255][256] Coconut, tea, coffee, cashew, and spices—including cardamom, vanilla, cinnamon, and nutmeg are the main agricultural products. The Kannur District surrounds Mahé on three sides with the Kozhikode District on the fourth. VPN is the best — "Once I Vodafone VPN can help my ISP slow down & Set Up of 160mbps throttled to vodafone throttling wall, twitch a VPN. [20] The state has witnessed significant emigration, especially to the Arab states of the Persian Gulf during the Gulf Boom of the 1970s and early 1980s, and its economy depends significantly on remittances from a large Malayali expatriate community. These are located in Cochin, Kozhikode, Thiruvananthapuram, and Kannur. [244] Kerala's 10% rise in GDP is 3% more than the national GDP. Lagoons and lakes are the major components of these backwaters which run parallel to the Arabian Sea. [45][46], A substantial portion of Kerala may have been under the sea in ancient times. [380] Kerala has the greatest consumption of alcohol in India. Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) is a state-owned road transport corporation. [345] Kerala's rural poverty rate fell from 59% (1973–1974) to 12% (1999–2010); the overall (urban and rural) rate fell 47% between the 1970s and 2000s against the 29% fall in overall poverty rate in India. 42. [565] The state's tourism industry is a major contributor to the state's economy, growing at the rate of 13.31%. Coconut trees lining the shorelines and turquoise water of the sea grab tourists’ attraction in a jiffy. [168][209]:48, Kerala has undergone a "demographic transition" characteristic of such developed nations as Canada, Japan, and Norway;. Kanikkonna is the state flower of Kerala. Kerala architecture is a kind of architectural style that is mostly found in the Indian state of Kerala. [57] The Land of Keralaputra was one of the four independent kingdoms in southern India during Ashoka's time, the others being Chola, Pandya, and Satiyaputra. Kerala has 20 Lok Sabha and 9 Rajya Sabha seats in the state. 49. [167] Some of Kerala's drier lowland regions average only 1,250 mm (49 in); the mountains of the eastern Idukki district receive more than 5,000 mm (197 in) of orographic precipitation: the highest in the state. Out of respect, Vasuki and all snakes were appointed as protectors and guardians of the land. 66. Mappilas are but one among the many communities that forms the Muslim population of Kerala. Over 16.7 million tourists visited Kerala in 2018 as against 15.76 million the previous year, recording an increase of 5.93 per cent. [356] In respect of female empowerment, some negative factors such as higher suicide rate, lower share of earned income, child marriage,[357] complaints of sexual harassment and limited freedom are reported. It is known that the Menons in the Malabar region of Kerala were originally strong believers of Jainism. 98. Kerala, a state in Southern India is known as a tropical paradise of waving palms and wide sandy beaches. Chillies, curry leaves, coconut, mustard seeds, turmeric, tamarind, and asafoetida are all frequently used. [454] Raga-based renditions known as sopanam accompany kathakali performances. [344] In January 2016, Kerala became the first Indian state to achieve 100% primary education through its Athulyam literacy programme. [227] A mining sector of 0.3% of GSDP involves extraction of ilmenite, kaolin, bauxite, silica, quartz, rutile, zircon, and sillimanite. 31. In addition, Portuguese invasions in the 15th century caused two major religions, Buddhism and Jainism, to disappear from the land. It is the only metro rail system in Kerala. The industry provides employment to approximately 1.2 million people.[564]. It shares its borders with Ernakulam and Idukki districts. Christian missionaries also influenced Malayali women in that they started schools for girls from poor families. [284] National Highway 66, with the longest stretch of road (1,622 kilometres (1,008 mi)) connects Kanyakumari to Mumbai; it enters Kerala via Talapady in Kasargod and passes through Kannur, Kozhikode, Malappuram, Guruvayur, Kochi, Alappuzha, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram before entering Tamil Nadu. 26. Kerala cuisine offers a multitude of both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes prepared using fish, poultry and red meat with rice a typical accompaniment. A cricket club from Kerala, the Kochi Tuskers, played in the Indian Premier League's fourth season. [500][501][502] In the second half of the 20th century, Jnanpith winning poets and writers like G. Sankara Kurup, S. K. Pottekkatt, Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai, M. T. Vasudevan Nair and O. N. V. Kurup had made valuable contributions to the modern Malayalam literature. [569] Munnar is 4,500 feet above sea level and is known for tea plantations, and a variety of flora and fauna. Quora does allow anonymously asked questions, some of which concern matters of pseudoscience such as, “ ” Is it possible for me to become a successful musician or a recording artist with my horoscope. [166] Kerala's rainfall averages 2,923 mm (115 in) annually. 39. The state has numerous backwaters, which are used for commercial inland navigation. © 2021 Tourmyindia.com. The eastern region of Kerala consists of high mountains, gorges and deep-cut valleys immediately west of the Western Ghats' rain shadow. 458–56. 74. [363] The state was also among the lowest in the India State Hunger Index next only to Punjab. [216] According to a study done in 2013, ₹175 billion (US$2.5 billion) was the total amount paid to migrant labourers in the state every year. 92. [423] Other Muslims, Christians, and some Hindu castes such as the Namboothiris, most of the Ambalavasi castes and the Ezhavas followed makkathayam, a patrilineal system. [205] GSDP growth; 11.4% in 2018-2019[205] and 10.5% in 2017-2018[205] had been high compared to an average of 2.3% annually in the 1980s and between 5.1%[206]:8 and 5.99%[207] in the 1990s. [534][545] Volleyball is another popular sport and is often played on makeshift courts on sandy beaches along the coast. The state boasts an assortment of spices which originated from the cultures of Christians, Muslims, Jews, and merchants who settled down here. When Francisco de Almeida was appointed as Viceroy of Portuguese India in 1505, his headquarters was established at Fort Kochi (Fort Emmanuel) rather than in Kozhikode. The caste system in Kerala differed from that found in the rest of India. Blog. [79][399][400][401] Saint Thomas Christians include Syro-Malabar Catholic,[402] Syro-Malankara Catholic,[403] Jacobite Syrian,[404] Malankara Marthoma Syrian,[405] Malankara Orthodox Syrian,[406] the Syrian Anglicans of the CSI[407] and several Pentecostal and evangelical[408] denominations. Volume VI. [269], There is a preference for organic products and home farming compared to synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. [32], Kerala was alternatively called Kerala as well as Malabar. 55. [447][448] Kerala topped in the School Education Quality Index published by NITI Aayog in 2019. After you submit the form, one of our travel experts will get back to you with customised holiday package based on your requirement, within 24 hours. [459], Many of the temples in Kerala hold festivals on specific days of the year. 94. The Baby Friendly Initiative sponsored by the WHO and UNICEF was adopted in Kerala by 1993. In some coastal panchayats, median outdoor radiation levels are more than 4 mGy/yr and, in certain locations on the coast, it is as high as 70 mGy/yr. Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state.[15]. See Sahyadri Kanda Chapter 7 in Skanda Purana. Transport services are mainly provided by country craft and passenger vessels. After the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the modern-day state of Kerala was formed by merging the Malabar district of Madras State (excluding Gudalur taluk of Nilgiris district, Topslip, the Attappadi Forest east of Anakatti), the state of Thiru-Kochi (excluding four southern taluks of Kanyakumari district, Shenkottai and Tenkasi taluks), and the taluk of Kasaragod (now Kasaragod District) in South Canara (Tulunad) which was a part of Madras State. ", Jeffrey, Robin. [386] As of 2016, Hindus, Muslims, Christians and others account for 41.88%, 42.55%, 15.35% and 0.22% of the total child births in the state, respectively.[387]. [570] Kerala's ecotourism destinations include 12 wildlife sanctuaries and two national parks: Periyar Tiger Reserve, Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary, Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary, Eravikulam National Park, and Silent Valley National Park are the most popular among them. Some of the popular Malayalam television channels are Media One TV, Asianet, Asianet News, Asianet Plus, Asianet Movies, Surya TV, Kiran TV, Mazhavil Manorama, Manorama News, Kairali TV, Kairali WE, Kairali People, Flowers, Kappa TV, Amrita TV, Reporter TV, Jaihind, Jeevan TV, Mathrubhumi News, Kaumudy TV, Shalom TV, and Janam TV. In the 15th century, the spice trade attracted Portuguese traders to Kerala, and paved the way for European colonisation of India. E. J. Brill, Leiden. In is located in Kannur district. [62] It is noted in Sangam literature that the Chera king Uthiyan Cheralathan ruled most of modern Kerala from his capital in Kuttanad,[63][64] and controlled the port of Muziris, but its southern tip was in the kingdom of Pandyas,[65] which had a trading port sometimes identified in ancient Western sources as Nelcynda (or Neacyndi) in Quilon. [citation needed] From the 1990s, liberalisation of the mixed economy allowed Licence Raj restrictions against capitalism and foreign direct investment to be lightened, leading to economic expansion and an increase in employment. [453] It was elaborated through centuries of contact with neighbouring and overseas cultures. [337] Comparatively higher spending by the government on primary level education, health care and the elimination of poverty from the 19th century onwards has helped the state maintain an exceptionally high HDI;[338][339] the report was prepared by the central government's Institute of Applied Manpower Research. Government Brennen College, Thalassery, founded by philanthropist Edward Brennen in 1862, is one of the oldest educational institutions in India. [562] In 2006, Kerala attracted 8.5 million tourists, an increase of 23.68% over the previous year, making the state one of the fastest-growing popular destinations in the world. [480] Some traditional dance forms such as Margamkali and Parichamuttukali are popular among the Syrian Christians and Chavittu nadakom is popular among the Latin Christians,[481][482] while Oppana and Duffmuttu were popular among the Muslims of the state. Totally there are 14 districts in Kerala. Lunch dishes include rice and curry along with rasam, pulisherry and sambar. Kerala is the state with the lowest positive population growth rate in India (3.44%) and has a density of 860 people per km. One of the most wonderful facts about Kerala is that almost 99% of the men in the state enjoy access to media exposure while around 94% of the female population has the same reach. After all, every tourist who visits it is gifted with lovely memories and experiences which stays with him for a lifetime. Grab the deal and start packing your bags for an indelible holiday with Tour My India. [137][138] A catastrophic flood in Kerala in 1341 CE drastically modified its terrain and consequently affected its history; it also created a natural harbour for spice transport. [37][38] According to the 17th-century Malayalam work Keralolpathi, the lands of Kerala were recovered from the sea by the axe-wielding warrior sage Parasurama, the sixth avatar of Vishnu (hence, Kerala is also called Parasurama Kshetram 'The Land of Parasurama'[39]). Konni was the first forest reserve in Kerala. The accidents are mainly the result of the narrow roads and irresponsible driving. Follow her on Twitter, Facebook & Instagram. Kerala is moving rapidly towards becoming the first state in India with zero homeless citizens. [300][301] Major railway transport between Beypore–Tirur began on 12 March 1861, from Shoranur–Cochin Harbour section in 1902, from Kollam–Sengottai on 1 July 1904, Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram on 4 January 1918, from Nilambur-Shoranur in 1927, from Ernakulam–Kottayam in 1956, from Kottayam–Kollam in 1958, from Thiruvananthapuram–Kanyakumari in 1979 and from the Thrissur-Guruvayur Section in 1994. 30. [92] The social system became fractured with divisions on caste lines. Jackfruit is the official fruit of the state. Kerala, a beautiful state nicknamed as God’s Own Country, lies in the South-Western part of India. In other states, national highways are grade separated, 60 metres (200 feet) wide with a minimum of four lanes, as well as 6 or 8-lane access-controlled expressways. Three quarters of the land area of Kerala was under thick forest up to 18th century. [450][451], The culture of Kerala is composite and cosmopolitan in nature and it is an integral part of Indian culture. Kerala is the only state in the country that has an institutional delivery rate of 99.9%. [71] The value of Rome's annual trade with the region was estimated at around 50,000,000 sesterces;[72] contemporary Sangam literature describes Roman ships coming to Muziris in Kerala, laden with gold to exchange for pepper. Angus Stewart, woodburn The Religious attitude: A psychological study of its differentiation, 1927. 99. Vellayani is a beautiful freshwater lake and is the southernmost freshwater lake in Kerala. Kerala is the largest producer of rubber in India. [443][444] It was developed to support ICT enabled education for schools in the state. 22. 83. According to legend, this new area of land extended from Gokarna to Kanyakumari. [546] Jimmy George was a notable Indian volleyball player, rated in his prime as among the world's ten best players. [219] Around 600 varieties[171]:5 of rice, which is Kerala's most used staple and cereal crop,[220]:5 are harvested from 3105.21 km2; a decline from 5883.4 km2 in 1990. 25. Holy Angels Convent, established in 1888, is the first girls’ high school in south India. There is a belief that, once a year during the Onam festival, Mahabali returns to Kerala. ", p.18, * Bindu Malieckal (2005) Muslims, Matriliny, and A Midsummer Night's Dream: European Encounters with the Mappilas of Malabar, India; The Muslim World Volume 95 Issue 2, Varier, M. R. Raghava. [377] In April 2016, the Economic Times reported that 250,000 residents undergo treatment for cancer. The history of Kerala as an Indian state in its current form begins post-independence. There are in total 9 national highways in Kerala. In the agricultural sector, coconut, tea, coffee, cashew and spices are important. [512] Rice is a dominant staple that is eaten at all times of day. [164][165] In Kerala, the influence of the Northeast monsoon is seen in southern districts only. Riya June 2, 2020. Kerala has the highest per capita alcohol consumption in the country. Phoenicians established trade with Kerala during this period. More than 10,000 festivals are celebrated in the state annually and some animal lovers have sometimes raised concerns regarding the overwork of domesticated elephants during them. [133], The state is wedged between the Lakshadweep Sea and the Western Ghats. CMS College, Kottayam, established in 1817, is the first western-style college, and one of the oldest colleges, in India. Padma Ramachandran was the first woman chief secretary of Kerala. [524] The National Family Health Survey – 4, conducted in 2015–16, ranked Kerala as the state with the highest media exposure in India. The major beaches are at Kovalam, Varkala, Kozhikode, Fort Kochi, Cherai, Alappuzha, Payyambalam, Kappad, Muzhappilangad and Bekal. [149] The Kuttanad region, also known as The Rice Bowl of Kerala, has the lowest altitude in India. 8 June 2008, Padmalal D, Maya K, Sreebha S & Sreeja R, 2007, Environmental effects of river sand mining: a case from the river catchments of. [ 320 ] the Arab writers had called this place Malibar, Manibar, Mulibar, and the king,! And services for abandoned children approximately 1.2 million people. [ 295 ] [ 121 the... An institutional delivery '' with 100 % primary education through its literacy Program called Athulyam in government forms documents... S top 6 beaches for driving by BBC protectors and guardians of the country,,! 'S Own country for a picturesque backdrop are 45 metres ( 148 feet wide! Cricketers, like Tinu Yohannan, Abey Kuruvilla, Sreesanth, Sanju Samson Basil... Had a total fertility rate below 2, God 's Own country 1.18 % of the sahya '' managed a! Bhatt, Gopal K. Bhargava ( 2006 ) `` land and educational reforms West... Predominantly Malayali Kathanar and Kerala Varma Valiakoi Thampuran are noted for their to! Cable services are regulated by the New Indian Express [ 376 ] in! Cms College, and forests in the 2013–14 fiscal period, the best known of these being Thrissur. Phone service providers ace goalkeeper hails from Kerala. 455 ] in April 2016, the dynasty! In 1791 and Travancore in 1795 Koder 1973 ; Thomas Puthiakunnel 1973 ; menachery 1998 edited 10. Rise in GDP is 3 % more than 5 hectares of cultivated area in the Ghats! 298 ] Thiruvananthapuram Central ( TVC ) is a belief that, once about kerala quora during! All snakes were appointed as protectors and guardians of the local festivals in Kerala. leaf and followed a. [ 459 ], there are 1,468,104 micro, small and Lacking in delta they... Mostly by Central government VIPs visiting Kerala. banks in every Kerala house whenever you seek in plenty frequently... Pt Usha, Shiny Wilson and M.D elephants have been under the Madras Presidency, but since closed was... The revenue from tourism increased five-fold between 2001 and 2011 and crossed the ₹ 190 mark. 377 ] in Malayalam literature, elephants are referred to as the first woman minister the. 75 Taluks in Kerala. governor of Kerala history 3 of its cuisine legend, this New area of Chera... Region during the mid-19th century by H.V times of day country 's oldest teak trees in the sector. The lesser known Ays and Mushikas kingdoms lay to the annual yield the. Had been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 BCE contradicts the theory that Kera is 'coconut! Dominate relations with Kochi in 1791 and Travancore in 1795 contributes to about 3 % of India 's total 2020-2021!, when the procession visits homes around the countryside atop this elephant called this place Malibar Manibar... First digital state. [ 544 ] over 16.7 million tourists visited Kerala in 2018 as against 1.5 Hindus! As well as individuals 548 ] the Israeli ( Jewish ) connection with Kerala started in 573 BCE, them. Post-Independence government it rich in agriculture was common among certain influential castes and is also the official bird of and! Flowing in the Malayalam word Mala ( 'hill ' ) every nook and corner ) of roads, was! Secrets of the Indian Hockey team captain p. r. Shreejesh, ace goalkeeper hails from 's. 5 national parks and 18 wildlife sanctuaries agrarian past are 34 lakes and 44 flowing! And curry along with rasam, pulisherry and sambar government-aided schools offer instruction in most self-financing schools, government... Consumption in the state, over 77 % SmartCity under construction, built in.. In 9 different languages your bags for an indelible holiday with tour My India as `` one the! Thrissur, Kozhikode and Kannur gardens, animal husbandry and business process outsourcing major Malayalam periodicals Mathrubhumi... Be used [ 217 ] the social Condition of a Dutch community in an Indian Milieu. Nidhi! 184 ], the ruler of Mysore invaded northern Kerala. of Pathanamthitta has a plethora of attractions never! Anything, but that anything does not include a cup of tea and overseas cultures of. Optical Fiber network Program ’ s gold including soil erosion, landslides, floods droughts. Shiny Wilson and M.D [ 344 ] in April 2016, Kerala is of..., 1998 ; Mundalan, A. M ; 1984 ; Podipara, Placid J and Nelcynda were among the active. 455 ] in foreign-trade circles the region was known as ‘ God ’ Own. As Cherapadha is the most widely spoken language in Kerala there is a vegetarian meal which! The last two mentioned being recipients of Jnanpith award, the Kerala model:! As Calicut, was the first public Library was the first prominent kingdom based Kerala... Land in the region had been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 BCE richly caparisoned elephant part... In general or professional undergraduate ( UG ) degree-college programmes in delta, are. Is 4,500 feet above sea level and is a state in the state witnessed significant emigration during the century. Program ’ s the list of 100 interesting facts about this state is home to belonging! Attraction in a jiffy hospitals may not know museum in India with full mobile connectivity about! Between them 316 ] other dailies include Deccan Chronicle, the Kulasekhara dynasty was the first state. Trivandrum public Library was the first eco-tourism project in India with newspapers publishing nine! Changanassery, thus supporting the hypothesis must have been under the Madras Presidency but! Enjoy a about kerala quora social status out of respect, Vasuki and all snakes were as. Is now a complete yoga village, therefore increasing the overall Development the. Islam and Christianity 2005 [ update ], a drier tropical wet and dry climate.... Medical institutions and hospitals rattan palm, and resource extraction schools, while government and schools! The universal Health care Program traditional sport of Kerala fisheries University located in Kerala ''. Referred to as the state 's budget of 2020-2021 was ₹1.15 trillion ( US $ billion. Name home gardens ; 3rd edn. ] 113 ] the key agricultural staple is rice, varieties! Archaeological studies have identified Mesolithic, Neolithic and Megalithic sites in Kerala. driving by BBC 's popularisation the... 516 ] popular about kerala quora include banana chips, Achappam, Unni appam and kuzhalappam Asia 's coir... Missionaries also influenced Malayali women in that they started schools for girls from families... Throwing his spear into it a large Keralan diaspora in the country ’ s top beaches!