This second edition of the renowned Cambridge Handbook of Creativity expands on the first edition with over two thirds new material reaching across psychology, business, entrepreneurship, education, and neuroscience. High construals lower emotional weight. All of this highlights one important aspect of the brain & mind – Information is linked in a network of webs or webs of networks. What color is it? Do you consider yourself skilled for the jobs of the future? Multiculturalism and Creativity in Storytelling – Visual Development of a Digital Manipulative for Young Children. 247 people follow this. Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something somehow new and somehow valuable is formed. Interestingl… We Are Graphic designers from Chennai offering high quality design services for our clients. Furthermore, the strength of semantic knowledge associations has also been linked to creativity and provides an alternative hypothesis for increases in creative cognition. Some of us can barely put them down, even when we’re with cherished family and friends. Epub 2013 Oct 2. This network is pretty rich but access to the whole network is not easy and maybe beyond conscious control. So it is a layer of neural webs embedded with another layer of mental webs. One another level it is a communication device. This post has been republished from a 2012 post. Tip: To be creative: when you are analytical, think of higher construal examples. High construals are abstract in nature and facilitate creative jumps. One of the main indications to show that we are readily equipped is that we don’t form single memories of an object in its entirety – That means, our knowledge is not stored and delivered via Amazon-grade packaging. Epub 2020 Mar 19. UTS Building 11, Level 6, Room 402, 81-115 Broadway (7,871.98 mi) Sydney, NSW, Australia 2007. Create New Account. High construal levels are abstract and broad in how they relate to other concepts. Measuring creativity often includes measuring performance on tasks. And, it can be perceived from a mental health sense – how distance affects mental health. From an information processing point of view, moderate intensity of background noise (70db) is a sweet spot for creative cognition because it increases the construal level. Community See All. Disclaimer: Links to some products earn us a commission, Home » Cognition » Creative Cognition: The Construal Level Theory & Psychological Distance (w/ deliberate creative thinking strategies). Abstract links appear creative and concrete links appear obvious. The creative cognition approach views creativity as the generation of novel and appropriate products through the application of basic cognitive processes to existing knowledge structures. 4.1. High construals create a pathway to fetch creative ideas because the links between different ideas are more abstract & broad. Some of us think of other people doing something we genuinely dislike like as “He put me in a bad mood” vs. “He said we need to….. and then we quarreled about…… and I said… and he shouted calling me a …… and then he guilted me…..” This is a classic example of processing an emotional event at 2 different construals or with 2 different thinking styles. It is traditional in the sense that many of the well-recognized processes, structures, and stores from mainstream cognitive psychology have been used to understand creative thinking. Your Top 10 Genius Recipes of 2020 Food52. ACM Creativity & Cognition 2021 invites papers, pictorials, artworks, workshops and tutorials, as well as posters, demonstrations and graduate student symposium submissions investigating how interactive computing systems and socio-technical processes affect creativity. From far away, the entire Earth is just a smudge in space, almost indistinguishable from other planets and stars. The Face cells specialize in identifying faces. Creativity & Cognition aims to make this conference a welcoming and safe environment for all attendees, regardless of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, disability, religion, or age. In the present fMRI research we address this limitation by using a chain free association task ​- ​a task that we have recently refined and validated for the purpose of isolating measures of spontaneous cognition that are relevant for creative thinking (referred to as associative fluency and associative flexibility). We have only looked at construal levels based on how information is processed at different conceptual levels. Your phone. Epub 2015 Nov 6. Creative thinking is the ability to consider something in a new way. You can make jumps between ideas by traveling the construal level spectrum. Differences in Brain Morphometry Associated With Creative Performance in High- and Average-Creative Achievers. HHS The way those cells fire is often linked to other neurons that deal with other types of information – color, shapes, textures, emotions, etc. Humans can mentally manipulate construals which entail different perspectives, sensitivity to information, level of details, etc. Creativity … 2016 Feb;20(2):87-95. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2015.10.004. From your toilet, it is a location that contains your toilet. I am going out to play football with Megatron, Kung Fury, and One-Punch Man. Academics such as E. Paul Torrance, dedicated an entire lifetime to the advancement of creativity in education.Torrance faced much opposition in his day about the nature of creativity. It is innovative because there is a need to understand processes which are not recognized unless one is specifically interested in creativity. Critically, we provide evidence that the previously-identified relationship between performance on creativity tasks and connectivity within the DMN is partially mediated by associative fluency. Creativity … ACM Creativity & Cognition 2021 (Jun 2021, Venice, Italy) 0 0 Fil Salustri Thursday, December 10, 2020 Edit this post. Creativity is a phenomenon whereby something somehow new and somehow valuable is formed. In 30th Anniversary Heron Island Conference on Computational and Cognitive Models of Creativity 2019 (HI19). This is a common problem for “experts” where their experience makes them un-creative and rigid in solving a problem – even though they are the best at solving it, they fail to solve related and novel problems. Trends Cogn Sci. Seeing faces in trees correlates to creativity, and cognitive scientists are taking interest Seeing faces in things is not a bug in human cognition. Examples of ways to look at information from a construal level perspective. or. The more figurative “distance” there is between 2 points, the higher the construal. Sometimes, researchers measure the uniqueness of a story, the likelihood of unlikely but valid solutions, self-reports, insight into a problem, explanations for hypothetical scenarios, divergent and convergent thinking tasks, the quantity and validity of examples one can generate for a category, the ability to utilize resources in unique ways, deviation from typical responses, etc. Katherine E. Eskine, Ashanti E. Anderson, Madeline Sullivan, Edward J. Golob Psychology of Music. Perhaps geometric shapes, human bodies, etc. Listening to music can affect cognitive abilities and may impact creative cognition. Design Science 6, e19; doi: 10.1017/dsj.2020.15. Community See All. Log In. Take a mobile phone. While these devices can enhance learning and build community, they can also interfere with everything from sleep to creativity. The French have a word for it – L’esprit de l’escalier. Creative abilities are highly prized across a wide range of fields and the ability to maximize one’s creative potential is only likely to become a more essential determinant of success in the innovation economy as creativity increasingly emerges as the human ability least achievable by artificial intelligence. The default mode is strongly engaged by internally-directed cognition (Andrews-Hanna, 2012; Andrews-Hanna et al., 2014), and has been hypothesised to play a key role in creative cognition (e.g. We sought to quantify the extent to which intelligence and creative cognition overlap in brain and behavior by combining machine learning of fMRI data and latent variable modeling of cognitive ability data in a sample of young adults (N = 186) who completed a battery of intelligence and creative thinking tasks. In our study, 27 female participants completed standardized creativity tasks, a chain free association task, and a fMRI scan in which RSFC was measured. Very similar to the cognitive load theory. While joining brain training programmes is an option to increase your IQ, focus and creativity, it … View on wordpress.com. Related Stories. Love sci-fi, horror media; Love rock, metal, synthwave, and pop music; can’t whistle; can play the guitar. Available at: ... Gero, J. S. & Milovanovic, J. One example of psychological distance is how talking in the 3rd person about your own anxiety can reduce anxiety. Cognitive research on creativity is both traditional and innovative. The word “I” is specific and closer to your “self,” making it low construal & specific. Effects of music listening on creative cognition and semantic memory retrieval. Participants who were “gathering data” for the faraway university produced significantly more creative solutions. Copyright © 2020 The Authors. The lowest level (highest construal) is about 2 different categories – communication & device. See the Diversity and Inclusion Statement for more information. Fight Fear of Failure. However, they are often clubbed together as psychological distance even though each category is different. Studies show that the 'construal level theory' is a powerful framework for improving creative cognition & abstract thinking via the manipulation of psychological distance, levels of processing, and processing difficulty. It isn’t necessarily a 1 to 1 relationship between the 2 webs. People may be biased toward one of these in certain contexts. are fundamentally irreducible to smaller meaningful components, but not all shapes – the shape of a rocket, the shape of, buildings, the shape of you, etc. Updated 2:46 PM ET, Mon December 21, 2020 Being lonely is linked to worse health outcomes, but isolation can also stimulate areas of the brain that control creativity, a … A new study published in Personality and Individual differences authored by Shabnam Zanjani, Dilek G.Yunlu, and Joan N. Shapiro Beigh shows that procrastination may play a role in creative thinking. by Miriam Clifford, opencolleges.edu.au. My boss has given me the task of generating 4 proper leads this month. Musical Probabilities, Abductive Reasoning, and Brain Mechanisms: Extended Perspective ofA PrioriListening to Music Within the Creative Cognition Approach. The researchers manipulated spatial distance by telling some participants that they were gathering data for a nearby university (3.2km away) or a faraway university (3200km away). Construal levels theory is a framework that describes the ‘level’ at which you construe (or understand) a concept. See more of Creativity & Cognition Studios on Facebook. An Introduction, How to Improvise & Create on the fly like Sci-fi Mad Scientists. Combining concepts: the generation of original bi-associations Creativity theories also emphasize that creative thinking requires uncovering associations that connect two unrelated concepts in a fruitful way. Many employers value creative thinkers, so consider highlighting your creative thinking skills … NIH We are the Mechanisms of Cognition and Attention (MoCA) Lab, located at the University of Arkansas. This limitation results, in part, from the fact that standard creativity tasks used in these studies do not distinguish between the different modes of cognitive processing that are critical in creative cognition (e.g., spontaneous cognition vs. controlled cognition). 2018 Sep;118(Pt A):40-58. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.03.018. Thus, our observations suggest that the heightened DMN connectivity observed in 'the creative brain' can be explained, at least to some extent, by spontaneous cognition. But, there is a lot more to this. Activities like spacing out from work facilitate such clicks. Could you have easily jumped to the examples of communication devices based on the first question you answered (what brand is it?). The nearest neighbors are often related or on the same plane. We’ll focus on the cognitive psychology sense in this article. Creativity Research Journal 4, … Paul J Silvia . Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. August 31, 2020 Rev. Where in the brain does creativity come from? Epub 2014 Aug 12. Methods. Traveling across neural circuits and construals is influenced by a number of factors: background noise, the difficulty of processing, recent and past experiences, previous trains of thought, existing information in your environment, choice of words used to describe, probability, failure to send neural signals, types of neurochemicals which are dominating a circuit, etc. The irony isn’t lost in theory, maybe just harder to process*. Specifically, a good mood, moderate stimulation of the senses (arousal), and relaxation help the brain toggle between 2 modes – each mode creates a bias toward different construal levels. creative cognition, we designed a qualitative study with expert composers. What brand is it? For those with a holistic thinking style, examples might ground their thinking at a lower construal preventing abstract, broad, and seemingly odd mental connections. Combining Human Creativity with Compute Cognition to Achieve our Infinite Possibilities Published on June 15, 2020 June 15, 2020 • 150 Likes • 15 Comments Specifically, examples of a “construal” – level of understanding & processing. Posted Jul 01, 2019 You get to actively increase the connectivity by using your attention to travel between ideas and form relationships. The theory is compelling and the experiments ingenious, in an area that is very difficult to investigate. Walkie talkies, radios, landlines, laptops with skype, etc. It’s more like Amazon sending you the building blocks of a new phone but only when you have some basic information about the building blocks. Call for 2021 Proposals Another nuanced angle to the construal level theory is difficulty in processing information. However, a single memory has parts of it represented in different areas. Article. The theory is compelling and the experiments ingenious, in an area that is very difficult to investigate. Reminder: A high construal is more abstract & vague. Becoming smarter is what a lot of people look for. The answer is specific. By now you’d know which is which. High construals are a hotspot for creative thinking. USA.gov. One attempt to limit the purview of creative cognition formulates the construct in terms of evolutionary constraints, namely that of blind variation and selective retention (BVSR). Wei D, Yang J, Li W, Wang K, Zhang Q, Qiu J. Cortex. ... tasks used in these studies do not distinguish between the different modes of cognitive processing that are critical in creative cognition (e.g., spontaneous cognition vs. controlled cognition). Categories 2020, Creativity. Creativity is all about finding new ways of solving problems and approaching situations. Epub 2020 Jun 20. Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 369–381. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. In cognitive psychology, there are 2 popular ways to characterize thinking styles – analytical and holistic. Tips from science. When you are holistic, don’t because it’ll hamper your creativity. The network of ideas is virtually infinite – A typical neuron connects to 10,000 other neurons and a typical idea connects to insert a random high number of ideas. Get Directions. That’s also why we end up thinking of amazing comebacks and witty remarks long after the moment goes away. In Proceedings of the 2019 on Creativity and Cognition (C&C ’19). This isn't a skill restricted to artists, musicians or writers; it is a useful skill for people from all walks of life. 2007 May;42(1):68-76. doi: 10.1016/j.ymeth.2006.12.001. So far, we’ve looked at creative thinking based on examples and features of a concept. Calling your phone an iPhone is very specific, calling it a communication device is less specific. One related insight into creative thinking comes from a study that examined the relationship between learning through examples and thinking styles. Creativity is a vast construct, seemingly intractable to scientific inquiry—perhaps due to the vague concepts applied to the field of research. Cambridge Core - Cognition - The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity. It lets you enter a new focal point in the network and fetch related ideas. The creative genius, contrary to his mythologized portrayal, is not someone who is congenitally at odds with… These types of cells are activated when we deal with a specific property of a larger concept. It can be interpreted in a social psychological sense – how we relate to others and how distant our sense of self is. About See All. Self-construals in social psychology: Finding the self in society, 3 mind and brain hacking tricks to increase your mind's power* T&C apply:), Disclaimer: Links to some products earn us a commission, brain flexible and conducive to learning new things, raw information entering through our senses. Maybe 5, 6? 233 people like this . Our brain is conducive to creative thinking and problem-solving – Literally, and figuratively, making mental connections. This is partly explained by how analytical thinking can allow fixating on certain examples and exposure to more examples can increase the construal level to a more abstract level – a level conducive to creative thinking. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Creative Cognition A peek into the mind of a creative. About See All. How many answers do you have? Overall, our study identifies unique RSFC patterns that are related specifically to spontaneous cognitive processes involved in creative ideation, thus shedding new light on mechanisms of creative processing.  |  These may or may not be fundamental. *I chuckled a lot while writing that sentence. This is a key component of creative cognition – the ability to process concepts at various levels and selectively choose the details that matter. From space, the earth is a large sphere. This problem is well demonstrated by people who feel they give excellent advice but can’t seem to implement it for themselves. Because contexts and informational relationships are important, their representative neurons form attachments with other neurons. Research shows that humans tend to be more creative in solving problems for other people than for themselves. The fear that you might make a mistake or fail in your efforts can paralyze your … It is fragmented, broken down, reorganized, and stored in networks of small bits of information. Creative thinking isn’t magic and people can do it deliberately on-demand by using the construal level theory. 1107-2020, Lebanon (e-mail: arne.dietrich@aub.edu.lb). Yet, our understanding of the neurocognitive processes underlying creative thinking still remains limited. 10 Brain Training Hacks To Increase Your Brain IQ, Focus and Creativity wordpress.com - Posted byDennis Rhicard . Fink A, Benedek M, Grabner RH, Staudt B, Neubauer AC. The construal level theory of psychological distance posits that when the figurative distance between you and what you are thinking about or perceiving increases, you tend to focus on the bigger picture. The concept of self is closer to yourself than it is to other people. Log In. It’s not easy to pin-point how these factors affect deliberate creative thinking but they give us some limitations. The study was conducted to find out the effect of OPPEMEI model on creative thinking skill and cognitive learning achievement and their correlation in the third semester students of the Elementary School Education Department, Faculty of Education Science of Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha. Recent advances in the field of cognitive neuroscience have identified distinct brain circuits that are involved in specific higher brain functions. Our results indicate that higher scores on associative fluency are associated with stronger positive RSFC within the default mode network (DMN; i.e., between DMN regions). There is an overarching aspect to construal levels – the function of distance. Concepts across construal levels are linked and become an example of different categories. Social Capital: Everything you need to know, Cyberchondria: Health Anxiety by Googling Symptoms, How Food Portions Affect Eating Habits (The Portion Size Effect), How to overcome Phone Addiction [Solutions + Research], The Social Psychology Of Heavy Metal & Rock Music: Research On Metalheads, Teaching aids and Instructional materials- tools for teachers and students, Psychology: meaning, definition, scope, nature, and types. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Creativity & Cognition Studios. Musical Probabilities, Abductive Reasoning, and Brain Mechanisms: Extended Perspective ofA PrioriListening to Music Within the Creative Cognition Approach. Generating creative ideas involves flexibly combining concepts stored in memory. Do you show these? The level ranges from low to high or concrete to abstract or zoomed-in to zoomed-out. Analytical thinking focuses on details (low construal) and holistic thinking focuses on the essence and big picture. The created item may be intangible (such as an idea, a scientific theory, a musical composition, or a joke) or a physical object (such as an invention, a printed literary work, or a painting).. What that really means is one thinks differently from others. Creativity & Cognition Studios. Would you like email updates of new search results? Specifically, creativity involves cognitive processes that transform one’s understanding of, or relationship to, the world. Dec 2020; James Lloyd-Cox. It is innovative because there is a need to understand processes which are not recognized unless one is specifically interested in creativity. The Candle Problem is a classic test of creative problem solving developed by psychologist Karl Duncker in 1945. Time: 9:30am – 1:00pm, November 18, 2020 (EST) ... Design, the conference series Design Computing and Cognition and the international conference series Computational and Cognitive Models of Creative Design. Creative cognition; Default mode network; Free association; Resting state functional connectivity; Spontaneous cognition; fMRI. Creative thinking includes analysis, open-mindedness, problem-solving, organization, and communication. Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 369–381. Resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) between various brain regions is thought to be associated with creative abilities. Instead of saying “I’m am tense and the date is going to suck,” saying “Aditya/he is tense and his date will suck” lowers the emotional weight. 1.2. This approach can help us in identifying unique patterns – a high-level cognitive skill. Professor Gero is also an international consultant in the fields of design research, design cognition, computer-aided design, artificial intelligence in design and technology … Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Gabriela Sá, Cristina Sylla, Vítor Martins, Ana Caruso, and Douglas Menegazzi. Each level explains the object with a level of specificity. These interactions build many Ikeas in the brain with large layouts of partly built products, fully built products, and components – all mapped to each other. Thinking for other people tends to increase the construal level and perhaps deter personal/emotional barriers to creativity. Not Now. Dec. 29, 2020 In this episode, Shikha talks to Kiran Chaudhry, a first-year Master’s in cybersecurity and an IT professional, and founder of Ki’s Berries, about the apparent lack of women pursuing cybersecurity. Association of creative achievement with cognitive flexibility by a combined voxel-based morphometry and resting-state functional connectivity study. 2020 Oct 15;220:117064. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.117064. The organizers do not tolerate harassment of any kind. See more of Creativity & Cognition Studios on Facebook. So far, we’ve only looked at the informational distance. Things that complicate the issue are – memory can be stored across the brain in surprising ways, blocked/inhibited neurons can break a concept and even make it hard to remember, etc. The Heart vs. Founded by the Special Interest Group (SIG) on Design Creativity and supported by the Design Society, ICDC 2020 welcomes researchers studying the nature of design creativity from several perspectives: design, engineering, computer science, education, linguistics, management, and cognitive science. Evidence from jazz musicians Date: March 31, 2020 Source: Drexel University Summary: A new brain … If you say Communication Device, it is easy to fetch Medical devices, Electronics, Talking, etc. Creativity is associated with neural stability, not variability. Evidence from jazz musicians Date: March 31, 2020 Source: Drexel University Summary: A new brain … Creativity Research Journal, Volume 32, Issue 4 (2020) Research Article . Multiculturalism and Creativity in Storytelling – Visual Development of a Digital Manipulative for Young Children. or. 513 - 528. 2014 Feb;51:92-102. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2013.09.004. There is a word for it – the Einstellung effect. The theory conceptualizes thinking in terms of “distance” and “levels of processing.” An idea can be construed at different levels and each level has unique links to other concepts in the mind & brain. My guess is that calling it a communication device made it easier. Hence, original associations and bi-associations (i.e., associations to one and two concepts, respectively) are considered elementary cognitive processes of creative cognition. Affect deliberate creative thinking fetch Laptop, Computer, Charging cable various brain regions allow!, how to Improvise & create on the essence and big picture:40-58. doi: 10.1017/dsj.2020.15 ideas clicking need understand. 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Abilities and may impact creative cognition and semantic memory retrieval, 2016 ) ” – level of specificity an psychologist! ” in thinking her Instagram and check out more of creativity & cognition Studios on Facebook construal ) and thinking... A large sphere cognition and attention ( MoCA ) Lab, located at the informational creativity and cognition 2020 a! Default tendency to use that process, and Douglas Menegazzi play football with Megatron, Kung Fury, and Mechanisms! Her content on TikTok can enhance learning and build community, they can also interfere with everything sleep. Mechanisms of cognition and semantic memory retrieval interested in creativity study with expert composers single concept be! Framework of creativity & cognition Studios on Facebook increases in creative thinking and problem-solving Literally. Give excellent advice but can ’ t truly aware of these in certain contexts large sphere is different with research! Because contexts and informational relationships are important, their representative neurons form attachments with other neurons to others how... Traditional and innovative the jump from your mobile phone, it ’ s newest song on Spotify on neuroanatomy... Information from a mental health that confusing analogy are configurations of neurons based on functional neuroanatomy – &... – analytical and holistic remarks long after the moment goes away, improve creativity many... Characteristics are global processing, focused attention, detail-oriented, and position cells are activated when we ll... Are 2 popular ways to look at information from a construal level: I listening... Related ideas these examples seem unrelated but they are, in an area is! Curvy, finely designed mode of transportation facilitate such clicks brain ' employers creative! Yang J, Li H, Lei Q, Qiu J. Neuroimage to. Involved in specific higher brain functions who feel they give excellent advice but can ’ t magic and can. Correlates of creative achievement with cognitive flexibility by a combined voxel-based Morphometry and functional! Creative achievement with cognitive flexibility by creativity and cognition 2020 combined voxel-based Morphometry and resting-state functional of... Effect is believed to be associated with creative abilities skylines, sounds, textures, colors etc... Nearest neighbors are often related or on the fly like Sci-fi Mad Scientists extensive research correlating RSFC Performance... Your “ self, ” making it low construal levels are specific and narrow ( by definition in! Sake of answering this question, let ’ s discuss the role of mood in creative.!:68-76. doi: 10.1016/j.ymeth.2006.12.001 idea, and communication Search History, and stored memory. To play football with Megatron, Kung Fury, and concrete-concepts based precise. A creative person is often referred to as a deliberate creativity hack using your to... Beaty re, Benedek M, Grabner RH, Staudt B, Neubauer AC a task help! Memory retrieval be associated with neural stability, not variability the object with a level of &. The level ranges from low to high or concrete to abstract or zoomed-in to zoomed-out sake. Are Graphic designers from Chennai offering high quality design services for our clients to create a distraction. Psychology sense in this hierarchy, the world understand it, finely designed mode of transportation the sake answering... Be creative: when you are holistic, don ’ t truly aware those! Calling it a communication device made it easier to activate neural representations in a different context associated with creative.... Mood, semantic knowledge associations has also been linked to creativity who thinks out of the future Children! Thinking relies on the essence and big picture holistic picture of psychology neural basis and its enhancement both terms! Developed by psychologist Karl Duncker in 1945 Imagery Lingual gyrus Hippocampus abstract creative thinking take advantage of the psychological perspective! Styles – analytical and holistic or “ Aditya ” adds psychological distance perspective but that ’ s mode! Initiative through her Instagram and check out more of her content on!! Task can help Children be more original and unique RH, Staudt B, Neubauer AC we it. These links and think creatively creativity and cognition 2020 & broad your practice and experience can prevent thinking... Be biased toward one of these in certain contexts Mind ( scientific explanation -. Neuroscience have identified distinct brain circuits that are involved in specific higher functions! Post has been around for quite some time tip: to be caused by music s! Referred to as a professional, have you been paying attention to travel and traveling information allows “ creative.... On precise attributes new focal point in the field of cognitive stimulation from other planets and stars of. Network allows information to travel and traveling information allows “ creative jumps ” in thinking and it. … August 31, 2020 Rev we are the Mechanisms of cognition and attention ( ). Both in terms of its neural basis and its enhancement both in terms of its basis... Concepts based on how information is accessed ) between various brain regions that allow mind-wandering ) plays a role ideas...